Navigation and service

Deutsche Bundesbank (Link to homepage)

Official reserve assets, other foreign currency assets and related short-term liabilities

Last update 2018-02-15 13:49:26

The reserve assets of the euro area consist of the Eurosystem’s reserve assets, i.e. the ECB’s reserve assets and the reserve assets held by the NCBs of the participating Member States. Reserve assets are (i) under the effective control of the ECB or the NCBs of the participating Member States; and (ii) highly liquid, marketable and creditworthy foreign currency-denominated claims on non-residents of the euro area, in addition to monetary gold, SDRs and IMF reserve positions. This definition expressly excludes foreign-currency claims on residents of the euro area, and euro-denominated claims on non-residents of the euro area from being considered reserve assets either at the national or at the euro area level.

The official reserve assets (gross) are therefore supplemented with information on other foreign currency assets, and on predetermined short-term net drains on the gross reserve assets. Further information under Statistical treatment of the Eurosystem's international reserves (http://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/other/statintreservesen.pdf).

(EUR millions)

Reporting period
Euro area 1 ECB BE DE EE IE GR ES FR IT CY LV LT LU MT NL AT PT SI SK FI
1. Official reserve assets and other foreign currency assets (approximate market value)
1.1. Offical reserve assets 663,083.3178 60,967.1601 21,502 164,944 282.84 3,547.74 6,529 56,579 130,924 124,563 736 3,721 3,393 719.777 663.9 31,532 19,071 20,857.8 719.351 3,306.3 8,560
1.1.1. Monetary gold 373,953.8488 17,507.05 7,887 117,008 8.93 209.38 3,917 9,767 84,529 85,037 482 230 202 77.881 3.35 21,235 9,711 13,266.339 110.366 1,099.1 1,701
1.1.1.1. Gold bullion in EUR 367,535.2803 13,731.4215 . 117,007 8.93 . . 9,150.466 84,435 . 482 230 202 77.881 0 21,235 . 12,575.229 0 1,099.1 1,701
1.1.1.1.1. Gold bullion in fine troy ounces 340.704 12.729 . 108.466 0.008 . . 8.482 78.233 . 0.447 0.213 0.187 0.072 0 19.691 . 11.657 0 1.019 1.58
1.1.1.2. Unallocated gold accounts 6,418.5684 3,775.6285 . 0 0 . . 616.275 94 . 0 0 0 0 3.35 0 . 691.11 110.366 0 0
1.1.1.2.1. Unallocated gold accounts in fine troy ounces 5.95 3.5 . 0 0 . . 0.571 0.087 . 0 0 0 0 0.003 0 . 0.641 0.102 0 0
1.1.2. SDR holdings 49,197.4858 661.4288 4,553 13,776 28.924 762.7 5 3,337 9,389 6,273 58 141 161 288.254 102.02 5,241 1,899 628.26 231.999 349.9 1,311
1.1.3. Reserve position in the IMF 16,820.379 0 852 4,166 40.42 958.97 670 1,416 3,160 2,120 136 0 0 213.248 28.45 1,244 619 545.71 93.181 161.4 396
1.1.4. Other reserve assets 223,111.6043 42,798.6813 8,210 29,994 204.566 1,616.69 1,937 42,060 33,846 31,133 59 3,349 3,031 140.394 530.08 3,813 6,842 6,417.49 283.804 1,695.9 5,153
1.1.4.1. Currency and deposits 36,735.7902 9,027.5942 . 5,231 11.022 . . 5,043 4,009 . 7 55 549 17.965 3.42 106 . 3,948.49 5.089 26.2 893
1.1.4.1.1. Claims on other non-euro area central banks, the IMF and the BIS 27,061.4412 6,326.1832 . 4,214 9.475 . . 5,030 192 . 1 23 545 17.965 1.83 104 . 3,787.46 0.498 26.1 768
1.1.4.1.2. Claims on entities (banks) 9,674.349 2,701.411 . 1,017 1.547 . . 13 3,817 . 6 32 4 0 1.59 1 . 161.03 4.591 0.1 125
1.1.4.1.2.1. Banks headquartered in the reporting country or currency area 277 0 . 0 0 . . 0 205 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0
1.1.4.1.2.2. Banks headquartered outside the reporting country or currency area 9,397.349 2,701.411 . 1,017 1.547 . . 13 3,612 . 6 32 4 0 1.59 1 . 161.03 4.591 0.1 125
1.1.4.2. Securities 183,138.6959 33,750.8989 . 24,763 191.433 . . 36,919 28,417 . 52 3,294 2,482 122.429 508.11 3,462 . 2,468.06 278.715 1,669.7 4,244
1.1.4.2.1. Debt securities 182,040.3009 33,750.8989 . 24,763 98.588 . . 36,919 28,417 . 52 3,294 2,237 122.429 486.41 3,462 . 2,215.3 278.715 1,624.6 4,244
1.1.4.2.1.1. Short-term 30,795.2611 11,253.7411 . 707 0 . . 3,564 6,983 . 0 164 0 0 0 1,264 . 111.9 0 0 17
1.1.4.2.1.2. Long-term 151,245.0399 22,497.1579 . 24,056 98.588 . . 33,355 21,434 . 52 3,130 2,237 122.429 486.41 2,198 . 2,103.4 278.715 1,624.6 4,227
1.1.4.2.2. Equity and investment fund shares 1,098.395 0 . 0 92.845 . . 0 0 . 0 0 245 0 21.7 0 . 252.75 0 45.1 0
1.1.4.3. Financial derivatives (net) 274.7834 -10.8266 56 0 2.11 0 0 -23 0 0 0 0 0 0 18.55 245 -23 0.95 0 0 9
1.1.4.4. Other claims 2,962.3347 31.0147 439 0 0 22.32 0 121 1,420 922 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7
1.1.4.4.1. Loans to non-banks 2,940.0147 31.0147 . 0 0 . . 121 1,420 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 7
1.2. Other foreign currency assets (not included in reserve assets) 31,840.1502 3,800.1392 439 39 103.936 0 326 1,514 18,743 994 16 475 364 1,242.675 78.14 1,311 926 746.62 55.54 279.1 389
1.2.1. Securities 5,891.5311 0.1581 . 0 101.964 . . 0 3,307 . 10 350 0 0 54.36 0 . 502.58 40.369 276.1 366
1.2.2. Deposits 25,650.4707 3,848.5397 . 39 1.444 . . 1,526 15,445 . 7 0 317 1,242.675 18.79 1,206 . 244.04 7.982 0 0
1.2.2.1. Banks headquartered in the reporting country or currency area 24,332.1732 3,776.2422 . 39 1.444 . . 1,525 15,445 . 7 0 0 1,242.675 18.79 1,206 . 244.04 7.982 0 0
1.2.2.2. Banks headquartered outside the reporting country or currency area 1,318.2975 72.2975 . 0 0 . . 0 0 . 0 0 317 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0
1.2.3. Loans 16 0 . 0 0 . . 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0
1.2.4. Financial derivatives (net) 260.1484 -48.5586 . 0 0.528 . . -12 -9 . 0 125 47 0 4.99 105 . 0 7.189 3 0
2. Predetermined short-term net drains on foreign currency assets
2.1. Foreign currency loans, securities and deposits -1,601.493 0 . 0 0 . . 2 0 . -11 0 0 -1,224.363 -152.13 0 . 0 0 0 0
2.2. Aggregate short and long positions in forwards and futures in foreign currencies vis-à-vis the domestic currency (including the forward leg of currency swaps) -12,811.076 -1.041 . -39 -204.46 . . 0 0 . 0 -3,594 -2,303 0 -438.9 -4,038 . 25.47 -158.144 0 -451
2.3. Other (flows related to repos and reverse repos, trade credits and other accounts payable/receivable) -24,215.4804 -611.0334 . -1,014 0 . . 0 -5,760 . -1 0 -325 0 0.41 0 . -3,780.4 -28.457 0 0
1 Euro area data cover the EU Member States that had adopted the euro at the time to which the statistics relate. Greek data are included in euro area aggregates as of January 2001, Slovenian data as of January 2007, Cypriot and Maltese data as of January 2008, Slovakian data as of January 2009, Estonian data as of January 2011, Latvian data as of January 2014 and Lithuanian data are included as of January 2015. These figures do not fully add up to the total euro area international reserves owing to differences in gold valuation by euro area countries.

Legend:
.     Data unknown, not to be published or not meaningful
Some values may be estimated or preliminary. Detailed information on the observation status can be found in the time series view.

Data sources

A list of data sources can be found at:

Central banks of the European System (ESCB)