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Official reserve assets, other foreign currency assets and related short-term liabilities

Last update 2018-05-17 15:13:34

The reserve assets of the euro area consist of the Eurosystem’s reserve assets, i.e. the ECB’s reserve assets and the reserve assets held by the NCBs of the participating Member States. Reserve assets are (i) under the effective control of the ECB or the NCBs of the participating Member States; and (ii) highly liquid, marketable and creditworthy foreign currency-denominated claims on non-residents of the euro area, in addition to monetary gold, SDRs and IMF reserve positions. This definition expressly excludes foreign-currency claims on residents of the euro area, and euro-denominated claims on non-residents of the euro area from being considered reserve assets either at the national or at the euro area level.

The official reserve assets (gross) are therefore supplemented with information on other foreign currency assets, and on predetermined short-term net drains on the gross reserve assets. Further information under Statistical treatment of the Eurosystem's international reserves (http://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/other/statintreservesen.pdf).

(EUR millions)

Reporting period
Euro area 1 ECB BE DE EE IE GR ES FR IT CY LV LT LU MT NL AT PT SI SK FI
1. Official reserve assets and other foreign currency assets (approximate market value)
1.1. Offical reserve assets 677,077.057 64,582.3399 21,943 166,970 334.503 3,612.87 6,707 57,784 133,210 126,184 748 3,890 4,067 731.493 712.01 31,513 20,618 20,495.68 716.308 3,660 8,619
1.1.1. Monetary gold 376,900.4732 17,649.1511 7,951 117,867 8.981 208.19 3,950 9,846 85,160 85,727 486 232 204 78.694 3.38 21,457 9,790 13,374.112 111.125 1,108 1,714
1.1.1.1. Gold bullion in EUR 370,427.6315 13,842.8766 . 117,866 8.981 . . 9,224.738 85,064 . 486 232 204 78.694 0 21,457 . 12,677.392 0 1,108 1,714
1.1.1.1.1. Gold bullion in fine troy ounces 340.62 12.729 . 108.382 0.008 . . 8.482 78.232 . 0.447 0.213 0.187 0.072 0 19.691 . 11.657 0 1.019 1.58
1.1.1.2. Unallocated gold accounts 6,472.8417 3,806.2745 . 0 0 . . 621.278 96 . 0 0 0 0 3.38 0 . 696.72 111.125 0 0
1.1.1.2.1. Unallocated gold accounts in fine troy ounces 5.952 3.5 . 0 0 . . 0.571 0.089 . 0 0 0 0 0.003 0 . 0.641 0.102 0 0
1.1.2. SDR holdings 50,149.0899 674.5729 4,632 14,043 29.386 765.5 6 3,384 9,587 6,428 59 144 163 293.861 101.79 5,335 1,935 639.58 236.3 356.1 1,336
1.1.3. Reserve position in the IMF 16,901.992 0 864 4,150 41.165 953 682 1,420 3,155 2,152 139 0 0 216.476 28.94 1,263 623 555.27 94.841 164.3 400
1.1.4. Other reserve assets 233,125.502 46,258.616 8,496 30,910 254.973 1,686.19 2,069 43,134 35,308 31,878 65 3,514 3,700 142.462 577.9 3,456 8,270 5,926.71 274.042 2,031.6 5,169
1.1.4.1. Currency and deposits 37,459.9953 9,579.7193 . 5,573 11.404 . . 6,018 1,989 . 5 122 1,074 10.156 4.07 93 . 3,718.63 17.766 11.6 898
1.1.4.1.1. Claims on other non-euro area central banks, the IMF and the BIS 28,344.7653 7,436.2723 . 3,092 9.814 . . 5,471 188 . 1 20 1,072 10.156 1.91 93 . 3,609.09 0.633 11.5 700
1.1.4.1.2. Claims on entities (banks) 9,115.2301 2,143.4471 . 2,481 1.59 . . 547 1,801 . 4 102 3 0 2.16 1 . 109.54 17.133 0.1 198
1.1.4.1.2.1. Banks headquartered in the reporting country or currency area 753 0 . 414 0 . . 1 190 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0
1.1.4.1.2.2. Banks headquartered outside the reporting country or currency area 8,362.2301 2,143.4471 . 2,067 1.59 . . 546 1,611 . 4 102 3 0 2.16 1 . 109.54 17.133 0.1 198
1.1.4.2. Securities 192,414.0681 36,639.4571 . 25,338 244.89 . . 36,936 31,889 . 60 3,393 2,626 132.306 570.18 3,232 . 2,184.65 256.276 2,020 4,267
1.1.4.2.1. Debt securities 191,230.4401 36,639.4571 . 25,338 99.361 . . 36,936 31,889 . 60 3,393 2,375 132.306 547.53 3,232 . 1,922.21 256.276 1,975 4,267
1.1.4.2.1.1. Short-term 27,956.4982 12,460.0282 . 1,183 0 . . 436 5,375 . 0 170 0 0 0 954 . 467.77 0 0 103
1.1.4.2.1.2. Long-term 163,273.9419 24,179.4289 . 24,155 99.361 . . 36,500 26,514 . 60 3,223 2,375 132.306 547.53 2,278 . 1,454.44 256.276 1,975 4,164
1.1.4.2.2. Equity and investment fund shares 1,183.628 0 . 0 145.528 . . 0 0 . 0 0 250 0 22.65 0 . 262.45 0 45 0
1.1.4.3. Financial derivatives (net) 264.259 20.5 -57 0 -1.321 0 0 69 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.65 131 78 23.43 0 0 -3
1.1.4.4. Other claims 2,987.1795 18.9395 442 0 0 39.24 0 111 1,430 939 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7
1.1.4.4.1. Loans to non-banks 2,947.9395 18.9395 . 0 0 . . 111 1,430 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 7
1.2. Other foreign currency assets (not included in reserve assets) 28,703.484 2,040.918 457 39 58.775 0 356 1,527 18,409 1,081 13 293 7 982.975 121.23 1,348 675 473.57 52.017 359 409
1.2.1. Securities 6,417.2421 0.1631 . 0 56.936 . . 577 2,986 . 9 356 31 0 63.84 0 . 349.38 51.923 356 389
1.2.2. Deposits 22,227.7917 2,006.1817 . 39 1.867 . . 911 15,433 . 5 0 0 982.975 58.41 1,291 . 124.19 5.168 0 1
1.2.2.1. Banks headquartered in the reporting country or currency area 21,202.5246 1,968.9146 . 39 1.867 . . 911 15,433 . 5 0 0 982.975 58.41 1,291 . 124.19 5.168 0 1
1.2.2.2. Banks headquartered outside the reporting country or currency area 1,025.2672 37.2672 . 0 0 . . 1 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0
1.2.3. Loans 16 0 . 0 0 . . 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0
1.2.4. Financial derivatives (net) 20.4502 34.5732 . 0 -0.029 . . 38 -10 . 0 -64 -24 0 -1.02 57 . 0 -5.074 3 -2
2. Predetermined short-term net drains on foreign currency assets
2.1. Foreign currency loans, securities and deposits -867.272 0 . -2 0 . . 541 0 . -11 0 0 -960.492 -132.78 0 . 0 0 0 0
2.2. Aggregate short and long positions in forwards and futures in foreign currencies vis-à-vis the domestic currency (including the forward leg of currency swaps) -12,804.47 86.285 . -39 -197.772 . . 0 0 . 0 -3,758 -2,315 0 -540.14 -3,765 . -8.05 -157.795 0 -373
2.3. Other (flows related to repos and reverse repos, trade credits and other accounts payable/receivable) -24,165.5014 -817.6034 . -832 0 . . 0 -6,252 . 0 0 -404 0 0.36 0 . -2,771.62 -12.638 0 0
1 Euro area data cover the EU Member States that had adopted the euro at the time to which the statistics relate. Greek data are included in euro area aggregates as of January 2001, Slovenian data as of January 2007, Cypriot and Maltese data as of January 2008, Slovakian data as of January 2009, Estonian data as of January 2011, Latvian data as of January 2014 and Lithuanian data are included as of January 2015. These figures do not fully add up to the total euro area international reserves owing to differences in gold valuation by euro area countries.

Legend:
.     Data unknown, not to be published or not meaningful
Some values may be estimated or preliminary. Detailed information on the observation status can be found in the time series view.

Data sources

A list of data sources can be found at:

Central banks of the European System (ESCB)