Official reserve assets, other foreign currency assets and related short-term liabilities

The reserve assets of the euro area consist of the Eurosystem’s reserve assets, i.e. the ECB’s reserve assets and the reserve assets held by the NCBs of the participating Member States. Reserve assets are (i) under the effective control of the ECB or the NCBs of the participating Member States; and (ii) highly liquid, marketable and creditworthy foreign currency-denominated claims on non-residents of the euro area, in addition to monetary gold, SDRs and IMF reserve positions. This definition expressly excludes foreign-currency claims on residents of the euro area, and euro-denominated claims on non-residents of the euro area from being considered reserve assets either at the national or at the euro area level.

The official reserve assets (gross) are therefore supplemented with information on other foreign currency assets, and on predetermined short-term net drains on the gross reserve assets. Further information under Statistical treatment of the Eurosystem's international reserves.

Last update 21.07.2021 12:00:06 PM
Euro area 1 EZB BE DE EE IE GR ES FR IT CY LV LT LU MT NL AT PT SI SK FI
1. Official reserve assets and other foreign currency assets (approximate market value)                                          
1.1. Offical reserve assets 869,045.0046 70,991.1698 26,701 213,600 2,047.112 6,594.56 9,129 66,866 178,925 169,887 973 4,441 4,522 949.664 819.13 43,438 23,727 25,359.72 1,121.34 7,669.2 11,239
1.1.1. Monetary gold 512,929.396 24,042.3871 10,831 159,995 12.222 286.94 5,428 13,413 116,042 116,781 662 317 278 107.06 7.41 29,126 13,336 18,221.339 151.427 1,509.5 2,335
1.1.1.1. Gold bullion in EUR 504,102.9407 18,857.3261 10,024 159,995 12.222 286.94 5,428 12,566.311 115,905 116,781 662 317 278 107.06 0 29,126 12,594 17,272.239 0 1,509.5 2,335
1.1.1.1.1. Gold bullion in fine troy ounces 340.277 12.729 6.766 107.999 0.008 0.193 3.664 8.482 78.237 78.829 0.447 0.214 0.187 0.072 0 19.691 8.501 11.659 0 1.019 1.58
1.1.1.2. Unallocated gold accounts 8,826.4553 5,185.061 807 1 0 0 0 846.33 137 0 0 0 0 0 7.41 0 742 949.1 151.427 0 0
1.1.1.2.1. Unallocated gold accounts in fine troy ounces 5.958 3.5 0.545 0 0 0 0 0.571 0.093 0 0 0 0 0 0.005 0 0.501 0.641 0.102 0 0
1.1.2. SDR holdings 51,370.7835 693.0375 4,671 14,326 29.965 813.54 14 3,069 9,665 6,752 58 145 165 300.877 105.01 5,896 2,035 666.52 238.934 377.9 1,349
1.1.3. Reserve position in the IMF 31,424.713 0 1,916 8,094 65.673 968.09 690 2,854 6,133 4,512 114 0 115 378.846 48.74 2,610 1,175 559.31 173.954 297.1 720
1.1.4. Other reserve assets 273,320.1121 46,255.7451 9,284 31,184 1,939.251 4,525.99 2,997 47,530 47,085 41,843 139 3,979 3,964 162.881 657.97 5,806 7,180 5,912.56 557.025 5,484.7 6,834
1.1.4.1. Currency and deposits 42,899.4153 10,255.2213 955 4,470 106.548 1,193.31 596 10,712 4,113 3,775 3 81 613 38.481 12.83 526 268 4,315.51 14.725 11.8 840
1.1.4.1.1. Claims on other non-euro area central banks, the IMF and the BIS 34,412.3034 9,491.4944 911 4,468 106.548 1,186.16 243 7,227 1,425 2,774 1 36 580 38.481 3.18 526 268 4,275.32 0.42 11.7 840
1.1.4.1.2. Claims on entities (banks) 8,487.1119 763.7269 43 2 0 7.15 353 3,485 2,688 1,000 3 45 33 0 9.65 0 0 40.18 14.305 0.1 0
1.1.4.1.2.1. Banks headquartered in the reporting country or currency area 1,708.16 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1,422 284 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.16 0 0 0
1.1.4.1.2.2. Banks headquartered outside the reporting country or currency area 6,778.9519 763.7269 43 2 0 7.15 353 3,483 1,266 716 3 45 33 0 9.65 0 0 40.02 14.305 0.1 0
1.1.4.2. Securities 226,153.212 36,000.348 8,022 26,714 1,832.194 3,332.68 2,401 36,328 41,421 37,065 136 3,898 3,351 124.399 647.16 4,394 6,912 1,575.23 542.3 5,472.9 5,984
1.1.4.2.1. Debt securities 221,201.137 36,000.348 8,022 26,714 1,536.316 3,332.68 2,302 36,238 41,421 36,872 93 3,281 3,026 124.399 647.16 3,667 6,912 1,190.58 330.753 5,090.9 4,399
1.1.4.2.1.1. Short-term 43,470.4876 14,910.2156 1,009 3,481 310.152 440.23 1,406 3,425 6,095 10,410 0 260 34 0 0 989 0 251.89 0 0 449
1.1.4.2.1.2. Long-term 177,730.6494 21,090.1324 7,013 23,233 1,226.165 2,892.45 896 32,813 35,326 26,462 93 3,021 2,992 124.399 647.16 2,678 6,912 938.69 330.753 5,090.9 3,951
1.1.4.2.2. Equity and investment fund shares 4,952.075 0 0 0 295.878 0 99 89 0 193 43 616 326 0 0 727 0 384.65 211.547 382 1,585
1.1.4.3. Financial derivatives (net) -5.8855 -0.1945 -57 0 0.509 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 -2.02 14 0 21.82 0 0 3
1.1.4.4. Other claims 4,273.3702 0.3702 364 0 0 0 0 476 1,551 1,003 0 0 0 0 0 872 0 0 0 0 7
1.1.4.4.1. Loans to non-banks 4,273.3702 0.3702 364 0 0 0 0 476 1,551 1,003 0 0 0 0 0 872 0 0 0 0 7
1.2. Other foreign currency assets (not included in reserve assets) 20,440.3009 1,061.3289 633 34 108.979 0 758 5,231 7,318 1,584 38 407 -5 63.11 197.81 327 1,010 158.41 18.363 1,155.3 343
1.2.1. Securities 7,766.4478 0.1658 131 0 0 0 363 861 3,223 175 24 438 0 0 68.86 0 998 92.4 11.422 1,152.6 228
1.2.2. Deposits 11,333.0863 6.9813 507 34 120.777 0 374 4,088 4,092 1,408 14 1 1 63.11 132.19 310 13 72.12 6.908 0 90
1.2.2.1. Banks headquartered in the reporting country or currency area 6,479.0863 6.9813 446 34 120.777 0 374 702 4,092 0 14 1 1 63.11 132.19 310 13 72.12 6.908 0 90
1.2.2.2. Banks headquartered outside the reporting country or currency area 4,854 0 61 0 0 0 0 3,385 0 1,408 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.2.3. Loans 1,026.108 1,004.108 0 0 0 0 21 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.2.4. Financial derivatives (net) 292.6588 50.0738 -5 0 -11.798 0 0 282 3 0 0 -32 -6 0 -3.24 17 0 -6.11 0.033 2.7 2
2. Predetermined short-term net drains on foreign currency assets                                          
2.1. Foreign currency loans, securities and deposits -1,260.847 0 0 -209 0 0 0 0 0 -526 0 0 -1 -63.987 -460.86 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.2. Aggregate short and long positions in forwards and futures in foreign currencies vis-à-vis the domestic currency (including the forward leg of currency swaps) -18,395.0727 49.8793 -4,679 -34 -1,369.12 0 0 0 0 -118 0 -1,819 -1,534 0 -425.65 -5,442 -13 -2,993.23 -19.943 0 0
2.3. Other (flows related to repos and reverse repos, trade credits and other accounts payable/receivable) -19,098.181 0.249 -3,787 0 -453.46 0 0 0 -336 -12,473 0 -1,855 -194 0 0.03 0 0 0 0 0 0
(EUR millions)
1

Euro area data cover the EU Member States that had adopted the euro at the time to which the statistics relate. Greek data are included in euro area aggregates as of January 2001, Slovenian data as of January 2007, Cypriot and Maltese data as of January 2008, Slovakian data as of January 2009, Estonian data as of January 2011, Latvian data as of January 2014 and Lithuanian data are included as of January 2015.

These figures do not fully add up to the total euro area international reserves owing to differences in gold valuation by euro area countries.

Legend
·    Data unknown, not to be published or not meaningful
Some values may be estimated or preliminary.
Detailed information on the observation status can be found in the time series view.