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External sector

External sector
Globe on banknotes

External statistics provide information about a country's economic relations with the rest of the world.

Time series
Blue digital binary data on computer screen

Balance of payments of Germany and of the euro area, direct investments, effective exchange rates of the euro, exchange rates, euro foreign exchange references rates and gold prices, external debt, external position of banks and non-banks, external position of the Bundesbank, international investment position, foreign affiliates and German indicators of price competitiveness.

Foreign investments: Profitability depends on asset class
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The average annual total return on all foreign investment (excluding financial derivatives) amounted to 3.7% between 2008 and 2017. As noted in the December 2018 Monthly Report, "Considerable differences are to be found between the individual asset classes". Direct investment generated the highest return, averaging 5.2%, followed by debt securities (4.7%), equities (4.5%), and other investment and reserve assets (2.2%).

Statistical release calendar
Several loose calendar sheets

Release dates of "International investment position", "International reserves and foreign currency liquidity" and "Exchange rates, euro reference exchange rates, gold prices".

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